# HIV testing and false positives. Bayes’s rule was applied to the problem of HIV testing in The… 1 answer below »

HIV testing and false positives. Bayes’s rule was applied to the problem of HIV testing in The American Statistician (Aug. 2008). In North America, the probability of a person having HIV is .008. A test for HIV yields either a positive or negative result. Given that a person has HIV, the probability of a positive test result is .99. (This probability is called the sensitivity of the test.) Given that a person does not have HIV, the probability of a negative test result is also .99. (This probability is called the specificity of the test.) The authors of the article are interested in the probability that a person actually has HIV given that the test is positive.
a. Find the probability of interest for a North American by using Bayes’s rule.
b. In East Asia, the probability of a person having HIV is only .001. Find the probability of interest for an East Asian by using Bayes’s rule. (Assume that both the sensitivity and specificity of the test are .99.)
c. Typically, if one tests positive for HIV, a follow-up test is administered. What is the probability that a North American has HIV given that both tests are positive? (Assume that the tests are independent.)
d. Repeat part c for an East Asian.

## Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
\$26
The price is based on these factors:
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
• Free title page and bibliography
• Unlimited revisions
• Plagiarism-free guarantee
• Money-back guarantee
On-demand options
• Writer’s samples
• Part-by-part delivery
• Overnight delivery
• Copies of used sources
Paper format
• 275 words per page
• 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
• Double line spacing
• Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

# Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

### Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

### Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

### Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.