Ltc week4 acc423 | Accounting

P19-1            Three  Difference, No Beginning Deferred Taxes, Multiple RatesThe following information is available for Remmers Corporation for 2014.1)    Depreciation reported on the tax return exceeded depreciation reported on the income    statement by $120,000. This difference will reverse in equal amounts of $30,000 over the    years 2015-2018.    2)    Interest received on municipal bonds was $10,000.3)    Rent collected in advance on January 1, 2014, totaled $60,000 for a 3-year period. Of this    amount, $40,000 was reported as unearned at December 31, 2014, for book purposes.4)    The tax rates are 40% for 2014 and 35% for 2015 and subsequent years.5)    Income taxes of $320,000 are due per the tax return for 2014.6)    No deferred taxes existed at the beginning of 2014.            Instructions        a)    Compute taxable income for 2014.b)    Compute pretax financial income for 2014.c)    Prepare the journal entries to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and     income taxes payable for 2014 and 2015. Assume taxable income was $980,000 in 2015.d)    Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2014, beginning with    “Income before income taxes.”
P19-2                                        One Temporary Difference, Tracked for 4 Years, One Permanent Difference, Change in Rate        The pretax financial income of Truttman Company differs from its taxable income throught each    of 4 years as follows.                                                                            Year        Pretax Financial Income        Taxable Income        Tax Rate                2014        290000        180000        35%            140000    2015        320000        225000        40%            125000    2016        350000        260000        40%            120000    2017        420000        560000        40%            -110000                                        Pretax financial income for each year includes a nondeductible expense of $30,000 (never        deductible for tax purposes). The remainder of the difference between pretax financial income    and taxable income in each period is due to one depreciation temporary difference. No deferred    income taxes existed at the beginning of 2014.                                                                Instructions                                    a)    Prepare journal entries to record income taxes in all 4 years. Assume that the change in         the tax rate to 40% was not enacted until the beginning of 2015.            b)    Prepare the income statement for 2015, beginning with Income before income taxes.   
P19-4                                            Permanent and Temporary Differences, One Rate                            The accounting records of Shinault Inc. show the following data for 2014 (its first year of operations).                                                        1)    Life insurance expense on officers was $9,000.                        2)    Equipment was acquired in early January for $300,000. Straight-line depreciation over a 5-year        60000    life is used, with no salvage value. For tax purposes, Shinault used a 30% rate to calculate            90000    depreciation.                                    3)    Interest revenue on State of New York bonds is totaled $4,000.                    4)    Product warranties were estimated to be $50,000 in 2014. Actual repair and labor costs related            to the warranties in 2014 were $10,000. The remainder is estimated to be paid evenly in 2015 and 2016.        5)    Gross profit on an accrual basis was $100,000. For tax purposes, $75,000 was recorded on the installment-            sales method.                                    6)    Fines incurred for pollution violations were $4,200.                        7)    Pretax financial income was $750,000. The tax rate is 30%.                                                                Instructions                                        a)    Prepare a schedule starting with pretax financial income in 2014 and ending with taxable income in 2014.        b)    Prepare the journal entry for 2014 to record income taxes payable, income tax expense, and deferred            income taxes.                                   
E19-6        Identify Temporary or Permanent DifferencesListed below are items that are commonly accounted for differently for financial reporting purposesthan they are for tax purposes.        Instructions    For each item below, indicate whether it involves:1)    A temporary difference that will result in future deductible amounts and, therefore, will    usually give rise to a deferred tax asset.2)    A temporary difference that will result in future taxable amounts and, therefore, will usually    give rise to a deferred income tax liability.3)    A permanent difference.        Use the appropriate number to indicate your answer for each.a)         The MACRS depreciation system is used for tax purposes, and the straight-line        depreciation method is used for financial reporting purses for some plant assets.b)         A landlord collects some rents in advance. Rents received are taxable in the period        when they are received.c)         Expenses are incurred in obtaining tax-exempt income.d)         Costs of guarantees and warranties are estimated and accrued for financial reporting        purposes.e)         Installment sales of investments are accounted for the accrual method for financial        reporting purposes and the installment method for tax purposes.f)         For some assets, straight-line depreciation is used for both financial reporting        purposes and tax purposes but the assets’ lives are shorter for tax purposes.g)         Interest is received on an investment in tax-exempt municipal obligations.h)         Proceeds are received from a life insurance company because of the death of a key        officer. (The company carries a policy on key officers.)i)         The tax return reports a deduction for 80% of the dividends received from U.S.         corporations.j)         Estimated losses on pending lawsuits and claims are accrued for books. These losses        are tax deductible in the period(s) when the related liabilities are settled.k)         Expenses on stock options are accrued for financial reporting purposes.

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