Our Struggle for Freedom, Civil Liberties and Political Equality

Required ResourcesRead/review the following resources for this activity:

Textbook: Chapter 15, 16
Lesson: Read this Week’s Lesson which is located in the Modules tab.
Initial Post: minimum of 2 scholarly sources (must include your textbook for one of the sources). Follow-Up Post: minimum of 1 scholarly source for your Follow-Up Post.

Initial Post Instructions

For the initial post, respond to one of the following options, and label the beginning of your post indicating either Option 1 or Option 2:

Option 1: The Equal Rights Amendment was first proposed almost a century ago and has still not been added to the United States Constitution. It is supposed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex. It was first introduced to Congress by Alice Paul, leader of women’s suffrage movement in 1923. Compare/contrast the Equal Rights Amendment with the Fourteenth Amendment. Did they deal with separate concepts? Explain your answer.
Option 2: The Bill of Rights is not only included with the United States Constitution but also state constitutions. All states have provisions in their constitutions that protect individual rights. Go online and look up your state constitution concerning amendments that are included in the Bill of Rights. How does your state constitution protect your individual rights?

Be sure to make connections between your ideas and conclusions and the research, concepts, terms, and theory we are discussing this week.

Follow-Up Post InstructionsRespond to at least one peer. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification. Minimum of 1 scholarly source which can include your textbook or assigned readings or may be from your additional scholarly research.

Writing Requirements

Minimum of 2 posts (1 initial & 1 follow-up)
Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside source) for your Initial Post, and 1 scholarly source for your Follow-Up Post.
APA format for in-text citations and list of references

Textbook: The Struggle for Democracy

Peer’s Discussion Post (Please respond to this post)

Option 1:

The Fourteenth Amendment and its three sections play an important role in protecting the civil liberties of the citizens of the United States. “The Fourteenth Amendment (1868) included broad language limiting state power in a number of areas: it declared that no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (Greenburg & Page, 2018, pg.56).  The Equal Rights Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designated to grant equal legal rights for all citizens, regardless of sex. “The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would guarantee equality between the sexes and therefore provide the legal framework for cases of sex or gender discrimination” (Issitt, 2020, pg1). In comparison, both amendments do address the same issue.  However, within the ERA, it is targeted toward one specific civil right and the topic of discrimination based on the gender of an individual.  Whereas the Fourteenth Amendment covers a broader area of liberties, especially when you include all three clauses that define it.  In my opinion, I do feel that both Amendments deal with the same concept. Under the umbrella of the Fourteenth Amendment, is how and why, I think, that some states have not ratified the ERA into their state constitution.  As the nation becomes more diverse with the definition of gender and sex, I think that the Equal Rights Amendment will hold even a more powerful meaning, and the fight to have it will continue. 


Greenberg, E. S., & Page, B. I. (2018). The Struggle for Democracy, 2018 Elections and Updates Edition (12th Edition). Pearson Education (US). 

Issitt, Micah. Points of View: Equal Rights Amendment. 2020, p1-3.

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