Privatization of Prisons The United States has incarcerated at least 1.5 million people, making it the country with the hi

 Privatization of Prisons    1.1 Introduction  The United States has incarcerated at least 1.5 million people, making it the country with the highest number of people behind bars.    In the United States, private companies run prisons for both the federal government and the 29 states.    The privatization of prisons contributed towards efficiency of services, quality of services, and saving of finances.    Advantages and Disadvantages of  Privatizing Prisons    Advantages  Private prisons are cheaper for tax payers  There is an economic benefit to the local community  Easy to maintain the prison population    Lower rates if reoffending    Prison facilities can be used for various purposes.  Disadvantages  Prisoners end up serving longer sentences behind bars  Private prisons do not house costly prisoners  The community can be left with costly facilities which are empty  They are more violent as compared to government-operated prisons  Prisoners can be many miles away from their families.    Organized Crime    Introduction  The impacts of organized crimes are felt by almost every individual in their day to day lives  Organized crime is a global problem while its nature and activities are hard to understand.  Often, organized crime groups seek illicit profits as they size opportunities to infiltrate and control the government or private agencies  2.1 Types of Organized CrimeDrug trafficking    Immigrant smuggling    Human trafficking    Money laundering    Firearms trafficking    Illegal gambling    Wildlife and cultural property smuggling    Impacts of Organized Crime    Threatens peace and security of the people    Contributes to the violation of human rights    Undermines a country’s and global economy  Undermines the civil development of societies    Undermines the social, cultural, and political aspects of the society  How to Curb Organized Crime  BUILDING INTERNATIONAL CAPACITY, PARTNERSHIPS, and cooperation    Enhancement of intelligence and information sharing  Protection of financial systems and strategic markets against transitional organized crimes    Disruption of drug trafficking    Facilitation of every existing transnational threats    Threatening interdiction, investigations, and prosecutions.    Terrorism  Introduction  Terrorism is defined as an unlawful act of violence and intimidation against the civilian population  Terrorism has been on the rise over the past few years  It is difficult to prevent acts of terrorism because of its sophisticated nature.  Types of Terrorism    Political terrorism (Broken down into sub-state terrorism, Social revolutionary terrorism. Nationalist-separatist terrorism. Religious extremist terrorism. Religious fundamentalist Terrorism. New religions terrorism.  Criminal terrorism  Pathological terrorism    Impacts of Terrorism    Ripple effect in the economy of the affected country    Direct economic destruction    Increased market uncertainty  Increase in national and foreign skeptism  Death of the victims of the act of terrorism    Strategies to Curb Terrorism    Attrition- Causing unbearable loss to the enemy     Intimidation- increasing counterterrorism control     Provocation- increasing recruitment and creating sympathizers    Outbidding- increasing counterterrorism control     Spoiling- a strategy of harming the enemy     4. Conclusion  This paper thoroughly discusses the privatization of prisons, terrorism, and organized crimes. It provides definitions of the three aforementioned main topics. Also, it shades lights on the effects of terrorism and organized crimes.    5. References  Gaes, G. G. (2019). Current status of prison privatization research on American prisons and jails. Criminology & Public Policy, 18(2), 269-293.  Rose, A. Z., Wei, D., Byrd, K., & John, R. (2021). Economic Impacts of Spillover Effects of Terrorism Countermeasures at Public Assembly Sites. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management.  Gazepova, V. (2019). FORMS OF ORGANIZED CRIMES. Student’s Social Science Journal, 1(8), 6-25.  The post Privatization of Prisons The United States has incarcerated at least 1.5 million people, making it the country with the hi Essay writing ServiceThe post Privatization of Prisons The United States has incarcerated at least 1.5 million people, making it the country with the hi first appeared on.
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