1-In the housing mini-lecture (week 8 slides), I showed data
(Links to an external site.) on how the number of vacation homes have been increasing in many California counties. In addition, the rapid expansion of short term rentals (STRs) has also negatively impacted housing availability and affordability.
“In 2014, Los Angeles city residents listed 11,401 units on Airbnb, including 7,316 whole-unit [the entire apartment or house]…” Instead of renting to a permanent resident, a property owner can rent out a room on Airbnb and earn “a substantial premium over market-rate and especially rent-controlled rent.” This decreases the supply of housing and spurs displacement and gentrification (Lee 2016 (Links to an external site.), How Airbnb Short-Term Rentals Exacerbate Los Angeless Affordable Housing Crisis: Analysis and Policy Recommendations).
Furthermore, investment corporations and private equity firms have been buying up homes and driving up the cost of housing and worsening housing insecurity. “These corporate landlords have a record of exacerbating housing insecurity. In 2016, the Federal Reserve of Atlanta found that large, corporate landlords were up to twice as likely to file evictions in their region compared with small-scale landlords.” (NYU Urban Democracy Lab (Links to an external site.) 2020, Private Equity is Coming: The Future of Housing Security in the Age of COVID-19.)
– How does the strategy of community land trusts help residents even in the face of these troubling trends? You must include at least one quotation either from the documentary Homes and Hands: Community Land Trusts in Action (Links to an external site.) or the chapter “Housing Affordability” (Links to an external site.) by Emily Molina.
2- Based on the Breakthrough Communities chapter on Chicago (from Week 5) AND the materials on anchor institutions (Week 9), in what ways do churches function as anchor institutions? In what specific ways are churches different from anchor institutions such as universities and hospitals, this can be differences in degree (scale/size) or in more fundamental ways such as their priorities or relationship to residents? You must reference the course materials. (Note that the anchor institution podcast
(Links to an external site.) also focuses on Chicago neighborhoods!)
As a real life example of how churches may fulfill some of the anchor institution roles:
The Nehemiah Initiative Seattle (Links to an external site.) is a faith-based community development initiative whose mission is to empower the African American community in the Seattle region. “The vision includes retaining Black churches in their historic locations, maintaining ownership of church properties, developing the properties to generate a financially sustainable future, and bringing their members back to the neighborhood to live, play, and pray.”
3- This is two part questions
Part 1. What are the arguments FOR and AGAINST urban manufacturing. You must use at least two quotations (include time stamps) from the documentary Made in Brooklyn. (https://cpp.kanopy.com/video/made-brooklyn)
Part 2. Which argument do you find more persuasive and why?
4- What were the narratives and “frames” that were used to describe downtown Santa Ana in local media and by city planners in “Latino City Emerges”? How did those frames affect what planning solutions were considered?
Review Lori Dorfman’s lecture. At 33:13 (Links to an external site.) she gives an example of what changes when violence is talked about as a public health issue instead of a law enforcement issue. At 37:24 (Links to an external site.) she discusses how shifting the frame from “smoking” to “tobacco” also shifted the solutions that were possible.
Your answer must include a quotation from “Latino City Emerges” and a discussion of how what Dorfman would describe what is being “cued” or how the framing of the issues also frames what solutions are considered in the DSADP Plan.
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